Philosophy and Atheist

10 Reasons Atheists Do It Better

by PAUL RATNER April 19, 2016

Although the exact number is hard to pin down, an estimated 13% of the world identifies as atheist. While believing or not believing in a God is a complex personal choice, there is a growing body of evidence that points to certain benefits of being an atheist. Being a theist has its own great advantages, but here are some of the reasons being an atheist could be beneficial (not necessarily in order of importance):

1. HAPPINESS

Scandinavian countries tend to be the least religious countries of the Western world and yet are consistently ranked the highest in the polls that measure a happiness index. Many factors go into such ratings, like economics, life expectancy, healthcare, social safety nets, and the transparency of the government, but it’s hard not to notice a potential correlation between atheism and happiness.

2. INTELLIGENCE

Atheists tend to have higher IQs and have been shown to generally be more intelligent than religious people. Intelligent people also tend to spend more time in school, which in turn leads to greater success professionally.

3. BETTER JOBS

This follows from the previous reason – more intelligent people tend to do better in the workplace. The same studies that have shown higher level of IQs for atheists, also equated that with getting higher-level jobs and higher pay.

4. SELF-ESTEEM & SELF-RELIANCE

These are two sides of the same coin. Atheists are not being told that they are guilty and sinful, as is the case with many religious teachings. This leads to higher self-esteem and a feeling of control over life’s events. As atheists do not expect a deity to help them solve a problem, they will address it personally and directly. The increased self-reliance can have a positive effect on their own lives, but also on the lives of others. When there’s no wheel of life, reincarnation, heaven or hell, the responsibility for made choices lies with individuals.

5. PROGRESS

Atheists tend to value scientific discovery more and are less likely to stand in the way of scientific progress as has often happened for religious reasons. An atheistic society is more rational and science-oriented.

6. HEALTH

Atheists believe in science and would not stand in the way of medical treatments on religious grounds. While there have been studies that showed the mental and physical health benefits of being a believer, there have also been recent studies that showed no significant difference in the mental health of religious and non-religious people. In fact, it can be argued that having strong self-esteem and better economic status would make atheists more healthy.

7. PEACEFULNESS

Atheists do not start wars or commit acts of terrorism for religious reasons, just to prove their deity is the correct one. On the other hand, Marxist-Leninist atheism at the core of communism has certainly given atheism a bad name, but it’s not necessarily an argument that it was atheism itself that led to the repressions and killings. There were complex historical, social and economic reasons for that. Atheists tend to not kill others for the sake of atheism.

8. SCEPTICISM

Atheists are generally skeptical and tend to look at issues from a rational, often scientific standpoint that demands proof. For an atheist, elements of reality are observable and can be tested.

9. SOCIAL ISSUES

Atheists tend to be very involved in social justice issues. They do not believe in some higher power or order that could have pre-ordained a human’s lot in life. Everything is of this material universe and can be improved upon.

10. BETTER SEX

It wouldn’t be a worthwhile list if it didn’t talk about sex. There have been studies that showed atheists having better sex lives than religious people simply due to not feeling guilty about it. Guilt about sex is certainly a strong feature of some of the world’s religions and the political discourses they generate (particularly in the US).
they generate (particularly in the US). There are also studies out that show a greater satisfaction with sex among the believers, but as it’s also not something they should really focus on and discuss (according to religious tenets), it’s hard to know where their responses are coming from.

Do these reasons mean you should abandon your faith? You make the call. But being an atheist needs not carry any negative stigma in a world still dominated by believers. Professor of psychology Benjamin Beit-Hallahmi profiled a likely atheist to be this person – “We can say that atheists show themselves to be less authoritarian and suggestible, less dogmatic, less prejudiced, more tolerant of others, law-abiding, compassionate, conscientious, and well-educated. They are of high intelligence, and many are committed to the intellectual and scholarly life.” That sounds like a pretty good person.

Michael Shermer of Sceptic Magazine explains how nonbelievers will eventually become the norm around the world.

The Rules of Life

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The Rules of Life (7)

written by RichardTempler Translated by Mra Rose presented by Mg Pyin Nyar

Know what counts and what doesn’t(2)

Doing something with your life counts. Going shopping because you are bored dosen’t.Yes by all means go shopping, but see what you do as counting or not counting,

Being real or not being real, having real value or not, being of some benefit or not.This dosen’t mean chucking it all up and going off to some fly-infested swamp to work

with the locals and catch malaria although that in itself would count, but you don’t have to go to quite those extreams to make your life meaningful.

အေရးႀကီးသည္ ႏွင့္ မႀကီးသည္ကုိ ခြဲျခားသိပါ

သင့္ဘ၀အတြက္ အက်ိဳးရွမည့္ အလုပ္တစ္ခု လုပ္ရန္ အေရးႀကီးသည္။သင္ ပ်င္းေေနလ်င္ ေစ်း၀ယ္ထြက္ျခင္းသည္ အေရးမႀကီးပါ။ ေစ်း၀ယ္ထြက္ႏုူိင္ပါသည္။

သုိ႔ေသာ္ မိမိလုပ္ရပ္သည္ အေရးႀကီးမႀကီး စစ္မွန္မႈ ရွိမရွိ၊ အကိ်ဳးရွိမရွိ ဆုိသည္ကုိ သိထားသင့္သည္။ဤသုိ႔ဆုိ၍ မိမိအရာအားလုံးကုိစြန္႔လႊတ္ၿပီး ပုိးမႊားမ်ားျပားျပည့္ႏွက္ေနသည့္

ႏြံေတာထဲသြားကာ ေဒသခံတုိ႔ ႏွင့့္ အတူလက္တြဲ ၿပီး ငွက္ဖ်ားေရာဂါ ကူးစက္ခံရေလာက္ သ္ညအထိ လ ုပ္ကုိင္ရန္ မလုိအပ္ပါ။ထုိလုပ္ရပ္မ်ိဳးသည္ မြန္ျမတ္သည္မွန္ေသာ္လည္း

သင့္ဘ၀ အဓိပၸါယ္ရွိေစရန္ ဦးတည္ခ်က္ျဖင့္ေတာ့ ထုိအတုိင္းအတာအထိ စြန္႔စားလုပ္ကုိင္ရန္ လုိအပ္ခ်က္မရွိပါ။

ေလးစားစြာျဖင့္ ေက်းဇူးတင္ပါသည္။ ေမာင္ပညာ www.mgpyinnyar.com
လူသားတုိင္းအတြက္ life long learning လူိအပ္ပါသည္။ အလ်ဥ္းသင့္၍ ေအာက္ပါေဆာင္းပါးကုိမွ်ေဝလုိက္ပါသည္။ ေမာင္ပညာ

စဥ္ဆက္မျပတ္ေလ့လာသင္ယူမႈႏွင့္ကြၽမ္းက်င္ပိုင္ႏိုင္မႈ
by Myanmar Network Forum Moderator3

မ်က္ေမွာက္ေခတ္ကမၻာႀကီးတြင္ သတင္းႏွင့္နည္းပညာဖြံ႔ၿဖိဳးတိုးတက္မႈသည္ ေန႔စဥ္နီးပါး အရွိန္အဟုန္ ျဖင့္ေျပာင္းလဲျဖစ္ေပၚလ်က္ရွိသည္။ လူသားတို႔သည္ထိုေျပာင္းလဲတိုးတက္မႈမ်ားကိုအမီလိုက္ႏိုင္ေစရန္ အတြက္ စဥ္ဆက္မျပတ္ ေလ့လာသင္ယူေနရန္လိုအပ္ေပသည္။ ထုိ႔အတူ ကမၻာေပၚရွိႏိုင္ငံအားလံုးသည္ စဥ္ဆက္မျပတ္ ဖြံ႔ၿဖိဳးတိုးတက္ေရးအတြက္ တစ္ႏိုင္ငံတည္းသီးျခားရပ္တည္ႏိုင္သည့္ေခတ္ ကုန္ဆံုးသြားၿပီျဖစ္သည္။

ႏိုင္ငံႀကီးျခင္း၊ ငယ္ျခင္း သည္အဓိကမက်ေတာ့ေခ်။ ႏိုင္ငံတစ္ႏိုင္ငံ၏ပထဝီ အေနအထား၊ လူသား အရင္းအျမစ္ဖြံ႔ၿဖိဳးမႈ၊ ေခတ္မီ နည္းပညာႏွင့္ ဆန္းသစ္ေသာစစ္လက္နက္ပစၥည္းပိုင္ဆိုင္မႈ စသည့္ဘက္ေပါင္းစံု ကိုခ်ိန္ထိုးၿပီးမွသာ ထိုႏိုင္ငံ၏ အဆင့္အတန္းကိုဆံုးျဖတ္ႏိုင္ေပသည္။ အလားတူ လူတစ္ဦးခ်င္းစီတြင္လည္း ရာထူးအဆင့္အတန္း ႀကီးျခင္း၊ နိမ့္ျခင္း ဆိုသည့္သတ္မွတ္ခ်က္ တစ္ခုတည္းေပၚတြင္႐ႈျမင္ၿပီး ကြၽမ္းက်င္ပိုင္ႏိုင္မႈ အဆင့္ကိုမသတ္မွတ္ႏိုင္ေခ်။ စဥ္ဆက္မျပတ္ေလ့လာသင္ယူမႈရွိေသာသူသာလွ်င္ ကြၽမ္းက်င္ပိုင္ႏိုင္မႈရွိႏိုင္ ေပသည္။ ထိုအခ်က္သည္ မည္သူမွ် ျငင္းဆို၍မရေသာပကတိအရွိတရားပင္ျဖစ္သည္။

စဥ္ဆက္မျပတ္ေလ့လာသင္ယူမႈႏွင့္ပတ္သက္၍ အစိုးရ႐ံုးဌာနမ်ားႏွင့္ ကုမၸဏီအခ်ိဳ႕တြင္ ေတြ႔ရွိရေသာ ကြၽမ္းက်င္ပိုင္ႏိုင္မႈမရွိသည့္ အခ်ိဳ႕ေသာဝန္ထမ္းမ်ားအေၾကာင္းကိုတင္ျပသြားလိုပါသည္။ စာေရးသူ၏ ဝန္ထမ္း လုပ္သက္ကာလ တစ္ေလွ်ာက္တြင္ ေရေပၚဆီအရာထမ္း(Elite)ေျမာက္ျမားစြာကို စိတ္မခ်မ္းေျမ့ဖြယ္ရာ ႀကံဳေတြ႔ခဲ့ရပါသည္။ ထို၀န္ထမ္းမ်ားသည္ စဥ္ဆက္မျပတ္ ေလ့လာသင္ယူမႈမရွိသည့္အျပင္ ကြၽမ္းက်င္ ပိုင္ႏိုင္မႈရွိေသာ အမႈထမ္းမ်ားမွ ႀကိဳးေၾကာင္းဆီေလ်ာ္စြာ တင္ျပသည့္အခ်က္အလက္မ်ားကိုပင္ အေလးတယူ မွတ္သားနားေထာင္သည့္ အေလ့အထလည္းမရွိၾကေခ်။ လုပ္ငန္းစိတ္ပါ၀င္စားမႈမရွိၾကသည့္ တစ္ခ်ိဳ႕ေသာ မိုးက်ေရႊကိုမ်ားသည္ ရာထူး အဆင့္အတန္း ႀကီးႀကီးမားမားရယူထားေသာ္လည္း မိမိဌာန၊ လုပ္ငန္းသေဘာ သဘာဝကိုပင္ ထဲထဲဝင္ဝင္ မသိရွိၾကေခ်။ သိေအာင္လည္း ေလ့လာလိုစိတ္မရွိေပ။ ထိုသူမ်ားသည္ မိမိထမ္းေဆာင္ရသည့္လုပ္ငန္းအား ကြၽမ္းက်င္ပိုင္ႏိုင္မႈရွိေအာင္ စဥ္ဆက္မျပတ္ေလ့လာလိုစိတ္မရွိၾကေခ်။ ထို႔အျပင္ ကြၽမ္းက်င္ပိုင္ႏိုင္မႈရွိေသာ လက္ေအာက္ ဝန္ထမ္းမ်ား၏တင္ျပခ်က္မ်ားကို အေလးတယူမွတ္သား နားေထာင္ႏိုင္မႈ ဓာတ္ခံကလည္းပါမလာၾကေပ။ ထိုပုဂၢိဳလ္မ်ားသည္ တိုင္းျပည္ဖြံ႔ၿဖိဳးမႈေနာက္က်ရျခင္း အေၾကာင္းတရားမ်ားအနက္ အဓိက က်ေသာ တာဝန္ရွိသူမ်ားပင္ျဖစ္သည္။

သို႔ရာတြင္ ထိုပုဂၢိဳလ္မ်ားသည္ဌာနသို႔အႀကီးအကဲမ်ားေျပာင္းေရႊ႕ေရာက္ရွိလာပါက ၎တို႔၏ မရွိေသာ လုပ္ေဆာင္ခ်က္စြမ္းေဆာင္ရည္ကို ထုတ္ေဖာ္ျပသလိုၾကသည္။ လူႀကီးအထင္ႀကီးမႈရရွိေစရန္ျဖစ္သည္။ ထိုသူမ်ား၏လုပ္ရပ္သည္ ဥေဒါင္းကသလိုပင္ ေရွ႕မ်က္ႏွာစာတြင္ လွခ်င္တိုင္း လွေနေသာ္လည္း ေနာက္က ဖင္ေဟာင္းေလာင္းျဖစ္ေနပါသည္။ စိတ္ပ်က္စရာလုပ္ရပ္ပင္ျဖစ္သည္။ ဝမ္းစာျပည့္ေသာ အႀကီးအကဲမ်ားသည္ ထိုသူမ်ား၏ အနားျပာလုပ္ရပ္ကို သံုးသပ္အကဲျဖတ္ႏိုင္မည္ျဖစ္သည္။ သို႔ေသာ္ “ခ်ိဳကုပ္ရွိရာခ်ိဳေထာင္မလာ“၊ “ဒီပုပ္ထဲကပဲဒီပဲ“ ဆိုေသာ သူမ်ားသာဆိုလွ်င္ “ဘုန္းႀကီး႐ူးနဲ႔ ေလွလူး“ ဆိုသလိုလိုက္ဖက္ညီေနမည္ျဖစ္သည္။ ထိုဌာနအတြက္ ရင္ေလးစရာပင္ျဖစ္သည္။ ဌာနတြင္း ဝန္ထမ္းမ်ားသည္ ဆန္ေကာထဲကဆီးသီး လိုပင္ မူးေနာက္ေနေအာင္အလွိမ့္ခံရမည္သာျဖစ္သည္။

ထို႔အျပင္ဌာနအႀကီးအကဲ၏ အျဖဴေရာင္သက္သက္စိတ္ထားကိုလည္း ထိုေရေပၚဆီမ်ားက အေရာင္ အမ်ိဳးမ်ိဳးခ်ယ္မႈန္းလိုၾကသည္။ ပန္းခ်ီဆရာပင္႐ႈံးေလာက္ပါေပသည္။ ထိုေရေပၚဆီမိုးက်ေရႊကိုမ်ားသည္ ဌာနသို႔ အသစ္ေျပာင္းေရႊ႕ေရာက္ရွိလာသည့္ အႀကီးအကဲမ်ားႏွင့္ ဌာနတြင္းဝန္ထမ္းမ်ားအၾကား မိတ္ဆက္ပြဲႏွင့္ လုပ္ငန္း ညွိႏႈိင္းအစည္းအေဝးမ်ားျပဳလုပ္ပါက ေအာက္ေျခဝန္ထမ္းမ်ားျပဳစုေပးထားသည့္ အခ်က္အလက္မ်ားျဖင့္ လူႀကီး အထင္ႀကီးေအာင္ “ပါရာဖတ္“ လုပ္တတ္ၾကသည္။ ထိုသူမ်ား၏ စြမ္းစြမ္းတမံလုပ္ေဆာင္ခ်က္မ်ားသည္ တစ္ေထာင့္တစ္ညပံုျပင္ထက္ပင္ရွည္လ်ားသျဖင့္ ဂရင္းနစ္စံခ်ိန္ဝင္ေလာက္ပါေပသည္။

သို႔ရာတြင္ ဌာနတြင္း ဝန္ထမ္းမ်ားသည္ ထိုသူမ်ားအေၾကာင္း အူမေခ်းခါး၊အစအဆံုးသိထားၾကသျဖင့္ ထိုသူ၏ဟန္ျပလုပ္ရပ္အေပၚ ႏွာေခါင္း႐ႈံ႕တတ္ၾကပါသည္။ တိုင္းျပည္ႏွင့္လူမ်ိဳးအတြက္ စိတ္ပ်က္ဖို႔ေကာင္းသည့္ လုပ္ရပ္ပင္ျဖစ္သည္။ ထိုသူမ်ားသည္ မိမိတင္ျပသည့္အခ်က္အလက္မ်ားႏွင့္ လုပ္ငန္းသေဘာသဘာဝကို ထဲထဲဝင္ဝင္မသိရွိဘဲ သိဟန္၊ တတ္ဟန္ေဆာင္ကာ မ်က္ႏွာေျပာင္တိုင္လုပ္ေဆာင္ၾကသူမ်ားသာျဖစ္ၾကသည္။ ထိုဝန္ထမ္းမ်ားသည္ တိုင္းျပည္အတြက္ ဝန္ထုပ္ဝန္ပိုး ဆန္ကုန္ေျမေလးမ်ားပင္ျဖစ္သည္။ တာဝန္ရွိသူမ်ားက စိစစ္ေဖာ္ထုတ္ၿပီး ဆုေပး၊ ဒဏ္ေပးျပဳလုပ္သင့္ပါသည္။

ဝန္ထမ္းတစ္ဦးသည္ မိမိထမ္းေဆာင္ရသည့္တာဝန္ကို အမွားနည္းနည္းျဖင့္ ကြၽမ္းက်င္ပိုင္ႏိုင္စြာ ထမ္းေဆာင္ႏိုင္ရန္သည္ စဥ္ဆက္မျပတ္ေလ့လာသင့္ယူေနရန္လိုအပ္ပါသည္။ ထိုသို႔

Win’s Wisdom (1)

ကြ်န္ေတာ္ေရးေနတဲ႔ Win’s Wisdom seriesဟာ
၁၀စုႏွစ္တခုၾကာၿပီးေတာ့ယခင္၂၀၀၆ ေလာက္က idea နဲ႔ ယခု ၂၀၁၆ အေတြးအျမင္တုိ႔ မတူေတာ့ဘဲ ေျပာင္းလဲမႈေတြ ေတြ႔လာရပါတယ္။ ေနာင္လည္း ေျပာင္းလဲ ေနအုန္းမွာပါ၊ ေရးၿပီးသား ေဆာင္းပါးတခ်ိဳ post မလုပ္ျဖစ္ေတာ့ ေခတ္ေနာက္က်က်န္ေနသလုိ
မ်က္ေမွာက္ေခတ္နဲ႔ ေလ်ာ္ညီေအာင္ အေတာ္ႀကိဳးစားရမွာပါလားလုိ႔ သိလာရပါတယ္။

ဒီေတာ့ ေလာလာဆယ္ကြ်န္ေတာ္ ဖတ္မိသမွ်ထဲက ေျပာခ်င္တာေလး ကုိႀကိဳးစား တင္ျပလုိက္ပါတယ္။
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ေႏွာင္းလူတုိ႔ အေၾကာင္းမူရမည့္ သေဘာတရား ၂ခ်က္
ကုိ Facebook founder မက္ဇူကာဘတ္ ကေမြးကင္းစသူ႔သမီးဦးေလး မက္ ထံ ရည္စူးၿပီး ေရးခဲ႔ပါတယ္။အဲဒါကေတာ့
(၁) Advancing Human potential
(၂) promoting equality
တုိ႔ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

ဆုိလုိတာက လူသားစြမ္းပကားၿမွင့္တင္ေရးနဲ႔
လူသားတုိင္း သာတူညီမွ် ျဖစ္ေအာင္ ေဆာင္ရြက္ေရး တုိ႔ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ ဆက္ရန္ —

Win’s Wisdom page 2
ယမန္ေန႔က အဆက္
လူသားေတြ ရဲ႕စြမ္းပကားျမွင့္တင္ေရး ဆုိတဲ႔ အေၾကာင္းကုိ ေဝဖန္ၾကည့္မယ္ဆုိရင္–
ကမ ၻာဦးလူသား နဲ႔ ၂၁ရာစု လူသားတုိ႔ရဲ႕စြမ္းရည္ အေတာ္ကုိကြာျခားေနေၾကာင္း သိသာပါတယ္။လူ႕သက္တတမ္းကလည္းတျဖည္းျဖည္း တုိလာၿပီျဖစ္ေသာ္လည္း က်န္းမာေရး ေဆးပညာတုိးတက္လာလုိ႔ ေႏွာင္းလူတုိ႔ရဲ႕ သက္တမ္းကုိ ဆြဲဆန္႔ႏုိင္မည္လား စဥ္းစားစရာပါ၊
တဖန္ လူသားတုိင္းက်န္းမာသက္ရွည္ လာတယ္ဆုိေပမယ့္ စစ္မက္ကင္းရွင္း ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းမႈ ကုိေတာ့
အနာဂါတ္မွာမေရရာေသးပါ။ မ်ိဳးဆက္သစ္တုိ႔ရဲ႕ ေခတ္မွာ စကၠန္႔ပုိင္းအတြင္း ကမ ၻာ့စစ္မီး ထေတာက္ ႏုိင္သလုိ သဘာဝ ေဘးဒဏ္မ်ား ႀကီးထြားၿပီး လူသားေတြ အႏၲရယ္မ်ားရွိေနပါတယ္။
လူ႕အဖြဲ႔အစည္းမွာ civilization and culture ပုိင္းပုိမုိျမင့္မားလာသလုိ ရွိေပမယ့္ တဖက္မွာ ဆုတ္ယုတ္နိမ္႔က်မႈမ်ားလည္း ရွိေနျပန္တယ္၊သိပၸံပညာနယ္ပယ္ science က်ယ္ဝန္းတုိးတက္လာ ေသာ္လည္း ဝိဇၨာပညာနယ္ပယ္ Art က်ဥ္းေျမာင္း နိမ့္က်လာတာ ကုိေတြ႔ေနရပါတယ္။
လူဟာ ေမြးဖြါးလာတည္းက စြမ္းရည္ ဗီဇ ပါလာ ေသာ္လည္း ပတ္ဝန္းက်င္ ေလာင္းရိပ္ ေအာက္မွာ ေဘာင္ခတ္ ထားခံရၿပီး အျမင္က်ဥ္းေျမာင္း လာတတ္ပါတယ္၊ ဘာသာေရး မႈိင္းမိေနတာမ်ိဳး ေၾကာင့္ မိမိစြမ္းရည္ေတြ နစ္ျမဳတ္ေနတတ္ပါတယ္။
ဒါေၾကာင့္ အသိဥာဏ္ကြန္႔ျမဴးမႈ innovation society ျဖစ္လာေအာင္ ႀကိဳးစားမွသာ လူသား
စြမ္းပကား ျမင့္မားလာႏုိင္မယ္လုိ႕ ဆုိခ်င္ပါတယ္။
ဆက္ရန္
ယမန္ေန႔ကအဆက္
Win’s Wisdom (1) page2
မက္ ရဲ႕ ေခတ္သစ္ခ်စ္သမီးထံေပးစာ မွာလည္းဒီလုိေရးခဲ႔တယ္
သမီးတုိ႔ ေခတ္မွာ ေဖေဖတုိ႔ေခတ္သင္ယူ ခံစားႏုိင္တာေတြထက္ ၁၀ ဆ (သုိ႔) အဆ ၁၀၀ထိ တုိးတက္သင္ယူ ခံစား လာႏုိင္မည္လား။
လူ႕အဖြဲ႔အစည္း အတြက္ ေဖေဖတုိ႔စြန္႕ဦးတီထြင္မႈေတြ ပ်ိဳးေထာင္ေပးခဲ႔တာကုိ သမီးတုိ႔ေခတ္မွာ
ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းသာယာ ဝေျပာမႈေတြျဖစ္ေအာင္ စြမ္းေဆာင္ေျဖရွင္းေပးႏုိင္မည္လား။
လူတုိင္းဘယ္ႏုိင္ငံသား ဘယ္လူမ်ိဳးမဆုိ လူ႔အခြင့္အေရးတန္းတူ ရယူပုိင္ဆုိင္ႏုိင္ဖုိ႔ သာတူညီမွ်
ရွိမႈ Human equality ကုိျမွင့္တင္ေပးႏုိင္မည္လား စသညု္ျဖင့္ ေႏွာင္းလူေတြရဲ႕ အနာဂါတ္ကုိ ပုံေဖၚခန္႔မွန္းေမးျမန္းထားပါတယ္။
တကယ္ေတာ့ ေႏွာင္းလူအမ်ားရဲ႕တုိးတက္ျဖစ္ထြန္းလာႏုင္မႈ အလားအလာ ေတြကုိ ယေန႔ထိ ေအာင္ျမင္မႈ အထမေျမာက္ေသးဘူးလုိ႔ ဆုိရမွာပါ၊ ဒါေၾကာင့္မက္ က ေနွာင္းလူသား(ဝါ) မ်ိဳးဆက္သစ္ ေတြကုိ ေအာင္ျမင္ေစ့ခ်င္ လုိ႕ သူ႕သမီး အပါအဝင္ လူတစ္ဦးခ်င္းစီရဲ႕ idea နဲ႔ အရည္အေသြး Human poentiality ျမင့္မားလာေအာင္လမ္းဖြင့္ေပးဖုိ႔ လုိေၾကာင္း
္ေထာက္ျပေရးသားခဲ႔ပါတယ္။ ဆက္ရန္

media and books ,journal ,letters

The Sun Rays
Vol 1 No 87
DOWNLOAD :
http://www.mediafire.com/download/uo9a2p5iwpdp4zg/299899332-The-Sun-Rays-Vol-1-No-87-pdf.pdf
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DTT_Buddhism
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angol sirály

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When starting a business, there are some highly effective entrepreneurial habits which are necessary, that will help boost your business out onto a profitable footing toward your success as an entrepreneur. With the entrepreneurial instinct already set in motion upon the initial idea, anybody who wants to see themselves succeed in business will either know already, or will eventually find what works best for them to move forward and see the business grow to it’s full potential. For the most part, learning to make a business profitable is by not only sticking to the entrepreneurial habits, but also the habits that work in favor for you and are beneficial for the direction of your business in general.

Sometimes starting a new business while working to make a business profitable in the early stages, can be at times both frustrating and tough without the full knowledge or ongoing support. By finding creative ways to cut down on business costs, you will also be able to utilize these funds through more meaningful avenues which can direct the business onto a successful path while working toward building the business and the overall profit.

Some Good Entrepreneurial Habits
As an entrepreneur you have to believe in yourself and your business.
Always think of everything and try to stay three steps ahead of the competition.
The hardest thing as an entrepreneur is usually the thing you should be going after.
Try to move your business forward in the same direction with every decision you make.
Create solid connections, your own luck and further opportunities for your business.
Helping others or sharing your content is good marketing as an entrepreneur.
The entrepreneurial mindset in believing you can and that you will get better.

Ensure you create a solid foundation for your business, follow entrepreneurial habits and surround yourself with a good team while moving forward one step at a time. Look to where you can utilize the social networks to help build your brand, the network and following of potential customers or clients. Keep an eye out for any social networks which may be up and coming sites that you can make the most of by getting in there early and creating a following. Learn new techniques, to help you as a person grow which can also create further opportunities for your business as you follow through with action as an entrepreneur toward your success.

Entrepreneurial Habits

The state of being a fully human personhood

 

  1. “သု ၊ စိ ၊ ပု ၊ ဘာ ၊ ဝိ ၊ လိ ၊ သိ ၊ ဓါအကၡရာစြဲသုံး ဤရွစ္လုံးကို သီကုံးပန္းအသြင္ ေန႔တိုင္းဆင္ေလာ့။

သု  = သုေဏယ်   –  နာၾကားရာ၏။

စိ   = စိေႏၲယ်      –  ၾကံစည္ရာ၏။

ပု   = ပုေစၧယ်      –  ေမးျမန္းရာ၏။

ဘာ = ဘာေသယ်  –  ေျပာဆိုရာ၏။

ဝိ   =ဝိစာေရယ် -စူးစမ္းဆင္ျခင္ရာ၏။

လိ  =  လိေကၡယ်   –  ေရးသားရာ၏။

သိ  =  သိေကၡယ်   –  သင္ယူရာ၏။

ဓါ  =  ဓါေရယ်    –  ေဆာင္ထားရာ၏။

▪ { ရွင္မဟာသီလဝံသ ဆုံးမစာ }

ျပည္စုံေသာ လူသားဘဝChapter(1) of Fully Human

အခန္း(၁) ျပည့္စုံေသာ လူသားဘ၀(Person hood-The art of being fully human)
ကြၽန္ေတာ့္ရဲ႕ဒုိင္ယာရီေလးထဲမွာ အလြန္ႀကီးမားက်ယ္ျပန္႔တဲ့ ကမၻာႀကီးနဲ႔လူသားေတြရဲ႕အေၾကာင္းကုိ ျပည့္စုံေအာင္ေဖၚျပႏုိင္မွာ မဟုတ္ပါဘူး။
ကြၽန္ေတာ့္ရဲ႕ေသးငယ္တဲ့ ႀကဳိးပမ္းအားထုတ္မႈနဲ႔ ျပည့္စုံေသာလူသားဘ၀ရဲ႕ အဓိပၸါယ္ကုိေဖၚက်ဴးရာမွာ အခက္အခဲမ်ားစြာေတြ႕႐ွိရပါတယ္၊ ဒါေၾကာင့္ကြၽန္ေတာ့္ရဲ႕ တင္ျပခ်က္ေတြဟာ အေျခခံသေဘာတရားမွ် ေလာက္သာျဖစ္ပါတယ္၊ ကြၽန္ေတာ့္ရည္႐ြယ္ခ်က္ကေတာ့ စိတ္၀င္စား သူမ်ားအတြက္ မိမိတုိ႔လက္လွမ္းမွီႏုိင္ သေလာက္ ဆက္လက္ေလ့လာ ႀကိဳးစားၾကမယ္ဆုိရင္ သာယာခ်မ္းေျမ႕ဖြယ္ေကာင္းတဲ့ လူသားဘ၀ကုိရ႐ွိ ေစလုိတဲ့ ဆႏၵျဖစ္ပါတယ္။
လူတစ္ေယာက္ရဲ့ အသိညဏ္နဲ႔အေတးြအေခၚဆုိတာကလည္း ကြၽန္ေတာ္တုိ႔ ငယ္စဥ္ကေလးဘ၀မွာ အသိညဏ္ မရင့္က်က္ခဲ့ပါဘူး၊ တျဖည္းျဖည္းအ႐ြယ္ေရာက္လာေတာ့မွ သင္ယူမွတ္သားမႈ စူးစမ္းဆင္ျခင္မႈ ေတြျပဳလုပ္ရင္း အသိညဏ္ တုိးတက္ရင့္သန္လာျခင္းျဖစ္ပါတယ္၊ သဘာ၀ ေလာကႀကီးထဲမွာ အစိတ္အပုိင္း တစ္ခုအေနနဲ႔ ပါ၀င္ေပါက္ဖြါးလာရတဲ့ လူသားတစ္ေယာက္ရဲ႕ဘ၀ဆုိတာ ဒီလုိပါလားလုိ႔ တျဖည္းျဖည္း သေဘာေပါက္လာပါတယ္၊တခ်ိဳ႕မွာ မ်ိဳး႐ိုးဗီဇအားနည္းခ်က္ေၾကာင့္ ညဏ္ရည္နိမ့္က်တာမ်ိဳးဆုိရင္ေတာ့ ခြၽင္းခ်က္ထား ရမွာျဖစ္ပါတယ္၊ကြၽန္ေတာ္ ေျပာခ်င္တာက ခြၽင္းခ်က္ေတြေခတၱဖယ္ထားၿပီး မ်ိဳးေစ့ေကာင္း ေရခံ ေျမခံေကာင္းမွာ ေပါက္ရတဲ့သစ္ပင္လုိ အသီးအပြင့္ေတြေ၀ဆာႏုိင္တဲ့ အေျခအေနမ်ိဳးေပၚမွာ ေ၀ဖန္ဆန္းစစ္ ၾကည့္ျခင္းျဖစ္ပါတယ္၊မ်ိဳးေစ့မွန္ရင္ အပင္ သန္ရမယ္လုိ႔ ဆုိလုိပါတယ္။
လူသားတစ္ဦးအေနနဲ႔ ေမြးရာပါျပ႒ာန္းခ်က္ ကန္႔သတ္ခ်က္ေတြ ပါမလာပါဘူး၊ဘုရင္ျဖစ္ရမယ္ လူဆုိးျဖစ္ရမယ္ လူခ်မ္းသာျဖစ္ရမယ္ ဆင္းရဲမြဲေတသူျဖစ္ရမယ္ စသည္ေတြဘာတစ္ခုမွ ေမြးရာပါမဟုတ္ပါဘူး၊ ဒါေပမယ့္ သူျဖတ္သန္းရတဲ့ေခတ္ကာလ အေျခအေနနဲ႔ သူ႕ပတ္၀န္းက်င္ အေလ်ာက္ ျပ႒ာန္းခံဘ၀ကုိေရာက္သြား တတ္ပါတယ္၊ ေလာကက်င့္၀တ္ေတြစည္းမ်ဥ္းေတြေအာက္မွာ ေနရင္းထုိင္ရင္း အုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ခံ ဘ၀နဲ႔ မလြတ္လပ္သူ တစ္ဦး ျဖစ္သြားတတ္ပါတယ္၊အလားတူပဲ လြဲမွားတဲ့အယူ အစြန္းေရာက္တဲ့ ဘာသာေရးယုံၾကည္မႈ ေႏွာငၾ္ကိဳး ေတြနဲ႔လဲ တုတ္ေႏွာင္ ထားျခင္းခံရတတ္ပါတယ္။
ဒါေၾကာင့္ အ၀တ္အထည္တစ္ခုကုိ ေဆးအေရာင္ဆုိးခ်င္ရင္ ဦးစြာအညစ္အေၾကး ေခ်းေညွာ္ ကင္းစင္ေအာင္ ေလွ်ာ္ဖြပ္ၿပီးမွ လုိရာေဆးေရာင္ဆုိးရသကဲ့သုိ႔ မိမိမွာလာေရာက္စြဲၿငိေနတဲ့အစြန္းအထင္း အညစ္အေၾကးနဲ႔ေႏွာင္ႀကိဳးေတြကုိအရင္ဆုံးျဖဳတ္ပယ္႐ွင္းလင္းရပါလိမ့္မယ္၊အဲဒီအခါ မိမိရဲ႕ပုဂၢလဘ၀ မူလပကတိ အေျခအေနမွန္ ျပန္လည္ရ႐ွိႏုိင္ပါတယ္၊ထုိပုဂၢိဳလ္အေနနဲ႔ နဂုိရ္ပုံမွန္ျဖစ္လာတယ္ဆုိပါေတာ့၊ ဆုိလုိတာကေတာ့ ျပ႒ာန္းခံဘ၀မွာ လူဟာ မိမိနဂုိရ္႐ွိရင္းစြဲအရည္အေသြးေတြ ေမွးမွိန္ေနတတ္ျခင္းျဖစ္ပါတယ္၊ ပတ္၀န္းက်င္ရဲ႕ အေရာင္ဆုိးမႈ ေလာင္းရိပ္ေပးမႈေတြေအာက္မွာ အသိညဏ္မပြင့္လင္း အေရာင္မထြက္ႏုိင္ျဖစ္ေနတတ္ပါတယ္၊ ဒါကုိ ဒႆနပညာ႐ွင္တခ်ိဳ႕က ပုဂၢလဘ၀ေပ်ာက္ဆုံးေနျခင္း လူသားဘ၀ အဓိပၸါယ္ကင္းမဲ့ေနျခင္းလုိ႔ ဖြင့္ဆုိၾက ပါတယ္။
အေမရိကန္ႏုိင္ငံမွာ ေက်းကြၽန္စံနစ္ ဖ်က္သိမ္းခ်ိန္က လြတ္လပ္ ခြင့္ရတဲ့ ေက်းကြၽန္ေတြဟာ ငုိေၾကြးခဲ့ၾကတယ္တဲ့၊ကြၽန္ဘ၀နဲ႔ ေနသားက် ေနေတာ့ သုတုိ႔ဘာသာ မရပ္တည္ႏုိင္ၾကဘူး၊အရာရာမွာ အ႐ွင္သခင္ကုိ အားထားမွီခုိလာတဲ့အတြက္ ပုဂၢလဓိ႒ာန္ ႐ွင္သန္မႈမျပဳႏုိင္ၾကဘူး၊ဒီသေဘာဟာ လူသား တစ္ေယာက္သည္ လက္ေအာက္ခံဘ၀ အမွီအခုိတစ္ခုခုု ေအာက္မွာ ေရာက္႐ွိေနမယ္ဆုိရင္ မိမိရဲ႕ ပင္ကုိယ္စြမ္းရည္နဲ႔ လြတ္လပ္မႈ ေပ်ာက္ဆုံးေနတဲ့သေဘာပါပဲ၊လူသည္ လြတ္လပ္သူျဖစ္မွသာ ပကတိ အ႐ွိအတုိင္း အရည္အခ်င္းနဲ႔ စြမ္းရည္ေတြ ထြက္ေပၚလာႏုိင္မွာျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ ဒီေတာ့ ကြၽန္ေတာ္တုိ႔ ဘယ္လုိက်င့္ႀကံ ေနထုိင္သင့္ပါသလဲ။
ယုံၾကည္မႈနဲ႔ က်င့္၀တ္ ( belief and ethics ) ကုိကြၽန္ေတာ္တုိ႔ ဘယ္လုိ ပုိင္းျခား နားလည္သင့္ပါသလဲ၊ ေလာက က်င့္၀တ္ စည္းမ်ဥ္း စည္းကမ္း ဥပေဒ ေတြကုိလဲ ပစ္ပယ္လုိ႔မသင့္ပါဘူး၊မိမိ ယုံၾကည္ရာ ဘာသာေရး ဆုိတာကလဲ ေလာကရဲ႕ အစိတ္အပုိင္းထဲမွာမုိ႔ ျပဳသင့္ျပဳထုိက္တဲ့ အပုိင္းေတြ ကုိေတာ့ ကြၽန္ေတာ္တုိ႔ လုိက္နာက်င့္သုံးၾကရမွာ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္၊ေလာကရဲ႕ စည္းအျပင္ ဘက္ထြက္ေနလုိ႔ မရတဲ့ လူသားဘ၀ဟာ ေလာကထဲမွာပဲ က်င္လည္ၾကရမွာျဖစ္ပါတယ္။လူ႕ေဘာင္ အဖြဲ႕အစည္းကုိ အက်ိဳးျပတဲ့ ပရဟိတလုပ္ငန္းမ်ိဳးေတြ ကုိေတာ့ အားေပးသင့္ပါတယ္။
ေ႐ွးေခတ္ကလူသားတခ်ိဳ႕လုပ္ခဲ့တဲ့ နတ္ကုိးကြယ္မႈ ယာဇ္ပူေဇာ္ပသမႈ၊အသက္ကုိစေတးၿပီး ယာဇ္ပူေဇာ္မႈ မ်ိဳးေတြဟာ လုံး၀မျဖစ္သင့္ပါဘူး၊ယခုေခတ္ထဲမွာလည္း အသက္အုိးအိမ္စည္းစိမ္ဥစၥာ သားမယား စသည္ေတြ စြန္႔ရင္ျမင့္ျမတ္သူျဖစ္မယ္ဆုိတဲ့အယူူ၊စြန္႔လႊတ္အနစ္နာခံရင္ ေနာင္တစ္ခ်ိန္ ေနာင္ဘ၀ ေကာင္းက်ိဳး႐ွိမယ္ဆုိတဲ့ အယူမ်ိဳးေတြ ေတာ္ေတာ္ မ်ားမ်ား က်န္႐ွိေနပါေသးတယ္၊ဒါေတြဟာအယူသီးတဲ့ ယုံၾကည္ကုိးကြယ္မႈ အမွားေတြ၊ စိတ္ကူးယဥ္နယ္ပယ္က မေရရာမေသခ်ာတဲ့ ေမွ်ာ္လင့္ခ်က္ေပးခံရမႈေတြေၾကာင့္ျဖစ္ပါတယ္၊မိမိကုိယ္မိမိ အားကုိး ရမည့္အစား သူတပါးအေပၚ မွီခုိအားထားျခင္း၊လက္ေတြ႕မ်က္ေတြ႕မက်တဲ့ တန္ခုိး႐ွင္မ်ားထံ ပူေဇာ္ပသရင္ ဆုေတာင္းျပည့္မယ

ဓါးထစ္ တရားေသမွတ္ယူၿပီး မလုပ္သင့္ပါဘူး၊ဒါကုိ ေျပာင္းလြယ္ ျပင္လြယ္တဲ့ စံနစ္၊အ႐ွင္(flexible) ျဖစ္တဲ့ စံနစ္လုိ႔ေခၚႏုိင္ပါလိမ့္မယ္ လူသား အခ်င္းခ်င္း စာနာေထာက္ထားၿပီး ႐ုိင္းပင္းကူညီျခင္း၊ညႇင္းပမ္း ႏွိပ္စက္မႈ မျပဳျခင္းတုိ႔ဟာ တရားမွ်တမႈ (Justice) သေဘာ ေဆာင္ပါတယ္၊ အဲဒီ အမွန္သေဘာတရားမ်ိးေတြဟာ လူသားတုိင္း လုိက္နာက်င့္သုံးအပ္ပါ တယ္၊ ဒါေၾကာင့္ ကြၽန္ေတာ္တုိ႔ ေ႐ွးအစဥ္အလာထဲက ေကာင္းႏုိးရာရာ အမွန္သေဘာတရားနဲ႔ အေတြးအေခၚေတြ ေပၚမွာ ယေန႔ မ်က္ေမွာက္ေခတ္ နဲ႔ အံ၀င္မႈ႐ွိေအာင္ သုံးသပ္ဆင္ျခင္ၿပီး ပုိမုိအက်ိဳး႐ွိေအာင္ မြမ္းမံ(Modify) လုပ္ေဆာင္ၾကည့္္သင့္ပါတယ္။

လူတစ္ဦးခ်င္းစီရဲ႕ လြတ္လပ္မႈနဲ႔ လူ႕အဖြဲ႕အစည္းလြတ္လပ္မႈ မတူညီႏုိင္ပါဘူး၊အဖြဲ႕အစည္းဟာ အမ်ားအတြက္ ထည့္စဥ္းစားရတာ ေၾကာင့္ က်င့္၀တ္စည္းကမ္းေတြ မ႐ွိမျဖစ္ ႐ွိရမွာျဖစ္ပါတယ္၊ပုဂၢလဘ၀ လြတ္လပ္မႈကေတာ့ ကုိယ္ပုိင္အခြင့္အေရး ကုိယ္ပုိင္အေတြးအေခၚနဲ႔ မိမိ ရဲ႕ အဇၥ်တသ႑န္မွာ ပူေလာင္ဆင္းရဲ ေသာကေတြ ပေပ်ာက္ေအာင္၊မိမိ ကုိယ္စိတ္ႏွစ္ျဖာ ေအးၿငိမ္းသာယာမႈျဖစ္ေစေအာင္ က်င့္ႀကံေနထုိင္ရျခင္း ျဖစ္ပါတယ္၊ လူသားတစ္ေယာက္ အေနနဲ႔ မိမိလည္း အက်ိဳး႐ွိ သူတပါးလည္းအက်ိဳး႐ွိမည့္ ကိစၥေတြကုိ ေ႐ြးခ်ယ္လုပ္ေဆာင္သင့္ပါတယ္။
ကြၽန္ေတာ္တုိ႔ဟာ မိမိအသက္ေမြးမႈအတြက္ သမာသမတ္က်တဲ့ စီးပြါးေရးေတြ လုပ္ေဆာင္ရင္းနဲ႔၊ အလုပ္တုိင္းမွာ မွ်မွ်တတ(Justify)ျဖစ္ေအာင္ ျပဳလုပ္ႏုိင္ဖုိ႔လုိပါတယ္၊ဒါဟာ အစြန္းလြတ္ (မဇၥ်ိမ/အလယ္အလတ္) သေဘာကုိ ေဆာင္ႏုိင္ပါလိမ့္မယ္။
နိဂုံးခ်ဳပ္ အေနနဲ႔ေျပာရရင္ ကြၽန္ေတာ္တုိ႔ လူသားေတြရဲ႕ အသိညဏ္နဲ႔ အေတြးအေခၚရင့္က်က္မႈဟာ မည္မွ်အေရးပါေနေၾကာင္း၊ ျပည့္စုံေသာလူသားဘ၀ ျဖစ္ဖုိ႔ ပုဂၢလနဲ႔ အဖြဲ႕အစည္း လြတ္လပ္မႈဟာ အလြန္ အေရးႀကီးေၾကာင္း၊ဒါေၾကာင့္ ကြၽန္ေတာ္တုိ႔ အားလုံး ရင့္က်က္သူမ်ား ျဖစ္ေအာင္ ကုိယ္စီႀကိဳးစားႏုိင္ၾကပါေစ လုိ႔ဆႏၵျပဳလိုက္ပါတယ္။

၀န္ခံခ်က္။ ။ကြၽန္ေတာ့္ရဲ႕ ဒုိင္ယာရီ နဲ႔ အေတြးအေခၚေလးေတြဟာ စာဖတ္သူမိတ္ေဆြ အတြက္ အုပ္တစ္ခ်ပ္ သဲတပြင့္ပမာ အက်ိဳး႐ွိေစမယ္ ဆုိရင္ ၀မ္းေျမာက္လွပါၿပီ၊ကြၽန္ေတာ့္ တင္ျပခဲ့တဲ့ အခ်က္အလက္ေတြဟာ က်မ္းကုိးစာရင္း ေဖၚျပျခင္းမျပဳေသာ္လည္း လက္လွမ္းမွီသမွ် စာေပ ဗဟုသုတေပါင္းစုံရဲ႕ အသုံးအႏႈံး၊ေ႐ွးေခတ္ ဒႆနပညာ႐ွင္မ်ားရဲ႕ အယူ အဆေတြကုိ ကုိးကားပါေၾကာင္း ၀န္ခံအပ္ပါသည္။
ယခုတင္ျပခ်က္သည္ အက်ဥ္းခ်ဳံ႕မွ်သာျဖစ္ပါသည္၊ေနာင္အခါ လူသားဘ၀ ေတြးေခၚမႈမ်ား က႑အလုိက္ တင္ျပႏုိင္ရန္ ဆက္လက္ႀကိဳး စားပါအုံးမည္၊စာဖတ္သူမ်ား အေနနဲ႔လည္း လက္လွမ္းမွီသမွ် ဆက္လက္ ေလ့လာၿပီး သုံးသပ္ဆင္ျခင္ ဆက္စပ္ေတြးေခၚမႈမ်ားျပဳၾကပါရန္ တုိက္တြန္းအပ္ပါသည္။
ေမာင္ပညာ ၂၀၀၆ ခုႏွစ္၊ေမ လ
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Email: winpyin@gmail.com

Win’s wisdom series

စာဖတ္သူမ်ား ရဲ႕ အႀကံျပဳခ်က္ကုိဖိတ္ေခၚ ႀကိဳဆုိလ်က္ပါ

ပညာတတ္ က ဝိနည္းေရွာင္တတ္

ပညာရွိ က  ပညာရွိနည္းနဲ႔ ႏွိပ္စက္တတ္

ပညာရွင္ မွ စိတ္ခ်ရသတတ္

TMPDOODLE1455637389211
About your background in Philosphy
Interview
Eduardo Salcedo-Albarán

Eduardo Salcedo-Albarán has been called ‘the crime-fighting philosopher’ for using philosophy to make sense of organized crime. He has worked for a range of organisations including the Colombian government, Global Integrity, and Transparency International. Nick Chester asks him about using philosophy to combat corruption.

Can you start by saying a bit about your background in philosophy?

My undergraduate studies were in philosophy. My main philosophical interests are analytical philosophy, philosophy of language, philosophy of mind, and Artificial Intelligence. Since the beginning, I felt those philosophical areas offered practical options for fixing social problems. The more [the philosophers of language and mind] Russell, Wittgenstein, Ryle, Fodor, Searle and Dennett I read, the more I was convinced that several social problems could be avoided or fixed through clarity in our language and our thinking processes. I saw this as a therapeutic option while living in the chaotic, violent and corrupt environment of Bogota, Colombia. Unfortunately, people think that philosophy is unpractical, which is a shame, because there is nothing more practical and powerful than interpreting the world in a clear way without dogmas.

I’m basically a philosopher trying to understand the world through empirical observation, which is what scientists do. I cannot really tell the difference between my philosophical and my scientific mind.

How can philosophy be used to fight corruption?

Eduardo Salcedo-Albarán
Photo © David Sastre 2016
It’s easy to understand that we share a limited amount of natural and public resources, and that we are psychologically connected with other humans. As Homo sapiens, our brains are all similar, so we share the same epistemological universe – we all know about it in the same way – and therefore we are connected. We almost automatically simulate and feel others’ feelings. Therefore, it makes sense to constantly improve the happiness and quality of life of people around us, seeking the equilibrium between our and their happiness. Confronting corruption and crime is a about pursuing that equilibrium.

Given the inherent desire that people have to act according to their personal biases, do you think there’s any such thing as a truly non-corrupt society?

No, there is no such thing, because breaking rules is inherent to our species – which is not entirely negative, since rule-breaking is the genesis of positive creativity and change. As humans, we don’t live in mental stasis, but constantly seek change. Unfortunately, negative social effects happen when rule-breakers constantly take the path of not only breaking paradigms and traditions, but also breaking basic laws.

Saint Augustine argued that corruption means a deprivation of something originally good has occurred. Do you think this concept can be applied to the corruption of legal and institutional systems, or do you think the evil created there is more than the removal of original goodness from those systems?

Unfortunately, most institutions are designed as metaphysical entelechies – as abstract good ideas about how society should behave. However, when those institutions are then created, the rule-breaking characteristic of the human mind quickly inserts corruption.

Judicial and legal systems are obviously designed to deal with crime; but the influence of corruption and crime is often omitted when other economic and social institutions are designed. For instance, it is generally accepted that decentralized institutions are good for democracy. However, in some countries, criminal groups use decentralized institutions. Narco-paramilitary groups ended up managing the health system in Colombian municipalities at the beginning of this century, and drug trafficking networks use municipal police bodies across Mexico.

The process of designing perfect institutions that are later corrupted in practice is partially the result of assuming that human

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Believe it or not and Thinking
Recently ,oneday, I got an article by searching internet web site, philosophy and Thinking.

The article is as follwing –

You are perfect Buddha Mind
Natural Mind
Zen, Seung Sahn, Interview

BOOM! An Interview with Zen Master Seung Sahn
In Chan and Zen on September 18, 2009 at 11:08 pm

Zen Master Seung Sahn

Tricycle: You grew up in a Protestant family in Korea. I’m curious to know what made the Buddhist teachings so attractive to you.

Seung Sahn: When North and South åKorea separated, society became complicated. Everyone fighting. So I went to the mountains to study Confucianism. Then one day a monk asked me, “What are you doing?”

“I’m studying Chinese philosophy,” I say.

“Chinese philosophy?” he said. “You don’t understand Korean philosophy! You should study Korean philosophy.”

So I studied Korean philosophy. Then one day a Zen monk appeared and asked me, “What are you doing?”

I say, “I’m studying Korean philosophy.”

“You don’t understand ‘you’. Who are you?”

“I don’t know,” I said.

“You must get rid of understanding and attain your true self,” he told me. It was like meeting Socrates. So I became a monk and started practicing meditation.

Like meeting Socrates?
Yeah. Socrates said, “Understand your true self.” Very good teaching!

When you first came to Providence you tried to integrate Korean-Americans with Anglo-Americans, but it didn’t work.
No! Korean and American practicing together is impossible. [Laughter]

Why?
Korean people understand too much Buddhism. So clearing mind is very difficult. American students have no idea what Buddhism is, so—Boom! They get it. Very easy! Americans make good students. Koreans too much thinking, which makes practice very difficult. They already understand so much Buddhism, they have a big problem.

You made popular in this country the expression “don’t-know mind.” Could you say what that is?
Human beings understand too much. But what they understand is just somebody’s opinion. Like a dog barking. American dog say, “Woof, woof.” Korean dog say, “Mung, mung.” Polish dog say, “How, how.” So which dog barking is correct? That is human beings’ barking, not“dog”barking. If dog and you become one hundred percent one, then you know sound of barking. This is Zen teaching. Boom! Become one.

But when you live in a Zen community, so many obstacles to “don’t-know mind” are generated by the community itself. Most of us want what Trungpa Rinpoche used to call the “babysitter in the sky”—that need and desire to depend on some other authority outside of oneself. Are we just doomed to live within the suffering that the institution causes?
When students first come to the Zen Center, they’re like babies. Babies don’t understand how to eat, how to walk or talk. But slowly, slowly they grow up. At two years they walk. At three comes speech. After three, memory. That is growing up. At twenty, maybe twenty-five, then get a job, become independent.

Our practice is the same. At first a teacher is necessary. Then when you grow up, a teacher is not necessary. Kick the teacher out.

Do you have students for whom you are not necessary?
Yeah. Some become Zen masters. They find their own way.

And yet you have a reputation for being very strict with what goes on in your centers. And that you want the same form at all your different Zen centers.
I just understand Korean style. That’s all. First, Buddhism appeared in India, so Indian style developed. Then China, so Chinese style appeared. From China it went to Korea, so Korean style developed. Now I transmit Korean style to American students. After a while, American style appears. When that happens, kick out the Korean style, ok. But it takes time for American style to appear.

Do you think that there will be a time when your students will do the chanting in English?
In the future, maybe. When I first came here I thought to change it to English. But then I went to Poland. Can’t use English chants there. And Germa

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N.Y. / Region
An evening session at MNDFL, a Manhattan meditation studio that opened in November.
NICOLE BENGIVENO / THE NEW YORK TIMES
No Texts, Please, We’re Meditating
Increasing numbers of harried New Yorkers are gathering to close their eyes and just breathe.

By CAREN OSTEN GERSZBERG
MARCH 18, 2016
When a photo of a wall covered in lush green foliage showed up on Grace Clarke’s Instagram feed, she felt an immediate urge to track it down. Stressed out and headed to a meeting at Madewell, where she works as a social media copy editor, Ms. Clarke saw that the wall’s location was on East Eighth Street in Manhattan at a meditation studio called MNDFL, which opened in November.

The next morning, Ms. Clarke, 29, went to the studio and spent 30 minutes in a meditation class led by Lodro Rinzler, one of MNDFL’s founders.

Since that session last December, Ms. Clarke has attended classes nearly every other day, often early in the morning, before work. “Having a place with a stripped-down aesthetic and a menu of classes makes it feel very approachable and promotes a sense of calm amid the craziness,” she said. “It’s a time-efficient way to quiet my mind so I can think more thoughtfully in life and work.”

Stretching at MNDFL.
NICOLE BENGIVENO / THE NEW YORK TIMES